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PREVENTIVE CARE KNOWLEDGE CENTRE

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PREVENTIVE CARE KNOWLEDGE CENTRE

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Why is cardiovascular screening essential for older adults in India?

Written By Samarth Staff | Medically Reviewed by Dr. Anup Bagchi, MBBS, Geriatric specialist

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a significant health concern for older adults in India, contributing to a considerable burden of morbidity and mortality. Screening for cardiovascular risk factors is essential for early detection and prevention of heart-related complications.

Here’s why undergoing cardiovascular screening is crucial:

Cardiovascular screening helps identify individuals at risk of developing heart disease by assessing various risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, and family history of heart disease. Early detection enables healthcare providers to implement preventive measures, lifestyle modifications, and medication interventions to lower cardiovascular risk and reduce the likelihood of heart attacks, strokes, and other cardiovascular events. Screening also provides valuable insights into overall heart health and guides appropriate management strategies.

Failure to undergo cardiovascular screening can result in undiagnosed cardiovascular risk factors, leading to an increased risk of heart disease and its associated complications. Untreated high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and other risk factors can contribute to the development of atherosclerosis, narrowing the arteries and increasing the risk of cardiovascular events. Without timely intervention, untreated cardiovascular risk factors can lead to severe heart-related complications and reduce life expectancy.

For older adults in India, cardiovascular screening is typically recommended starting around the age of 40 or earlier, especially for those with risk factors such as family history of heart disease, diabetes, obesity, or unhealthy lifestyle habits. The frequency of screening may vary depending on individual risk factors and previous screening results. Consultation with healthcare providers is essential to determine the appropriate screening schedule based on individual needs and risk factors.

Statistics from the Indian Heart Association underscore the prevalence and impact of cardiovascular diseases in India. According to recent studies, CVDs account for a significant proportion of deaths among older adults, with heart attacks and strokes being leading causes. Early detection through cardiovascular screening can help mitigate the burden of cardiovascular disease and improve overall outcomes.

References:
Indian Heart Association. (2022). Epidemiology of Cardiovascular Diseases in India: A Review of Current Trends and Challenges.

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